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Juyongguan Great Wall
Source: Author: Date: 09.07.22
As a famous ancient pass of the Great Wall in Beijing, the Juyongguan Pass is a site of cultural heritage under state protection. Lying in the Jundu Mountains, the ending section of the Taihang Mountains, the valley where the Juyongguan Pass stands is strategically located and difficult of access. In days as early as the Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Period, the Yan State kept it as a guarded passage called the Juyong Stronghold. During the Han Dynasty, the Juyongguan Pass as a border town grew into a considerable size. By the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the buildings in this border town had been  extended to link up with the Great Wall. In the Tang, Liao, Jin and Yuan dynasties that followed, the Juyongguan Pass was kept as a guarded passage all the time. The pass as we see today was planned by General Xu Da and Chang Yuchun, his second-in-command and completed in the first year of the reign of Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D.). In the first year of the reign of Emperor Jingtai of the Ming Dynasty (1450-1454 A.D.) and the years that followed, it was renovated again and again. The walls of the pass reach more than 4,000 meters long to the ridge of Cuipin Mountains in the east and the peak of Jingui Mountains in the west and is complete with barbican entrances, gate towers, and watchtowers. Lying beyond the pass are also offices, temples, Confucian schools, and other supplementary buildings.
Since the late Qing Dynasty, the buildings here gradually fell into disuse and disrepair. The magnificent pass itself and the numerous ancient sites around it, however, remain a window for people to learn the military affairs and culture in ancient China. In 1992, the Ming Tombs Special Zone Administration of Changping County launched an overhaul of the buildings here to bring out their former majestic view. The natural landscape around the pass is extremely beautiful. In as early as the years of the reign of Emperor Mingchang of the Jin Dynasty (1190-1195 A.D.), the Emerald Ripples of Juyong was hailed as one of the eight most beautiful scenic spots in Yanjing (now Beijing). In 1982, the Juyong Pass was included as a shining part of the Badaling-Ming Tombs Protection Zone of Scenic Spots and Sites of Historic Interest for the great value of its humane and natural landscape.